I am writing this with no legal background or experience whatsoever, so take these thoughts with a grain of salt.
In Genesis 20, Abraham whores out his wife Sarah (again!) to King Abimelech. God confronts Abimelech and declares that his punishment for adultery shall be death. Abimelech responds:
Now Abimelech had not come near her; and he said, "Lord, will You slay a nation, even though blameless? Did he not himself say to me, 'She is my sister'? And she (herself said, 'He is my brother ' In the integrity of my heart and the innocence of my hands I have done this."
Then God said to him in the dream, "Yes, I know that in the integrity of your heart you have done this, and I also kept you from sinning against Me; therefore I did not let you touch her. Now therefore, restore the man's wife, for he is a prophet, and he will pray for you and you will live. But if you do not restore her, know that you shall surely die, you and all who are yours."
Abimelech is hopping mad that Abraham has led him into this disaster, but realizing where the law lands, he offer restitution:
Abimelech said, "Behold, my land is before you; settle wherever you please."
To Sarah he said, "Behold, I have given your brother a thousand pieces of silver; behold, it is your vindication before all who are with you, and before all men you are cleared."
Abimelech has successfully argued with God that he has committed not a crime, but a tort. The difference that he appears to be establishing is one of intentionality. This difference, in my glances around the Internet, does not seem to be one rigidly extant in U.S. law.
It is, however a difference present in Mosaic Law, as Exodus 22:1-15 expounds upon different penalties for property loss, weighted by intentionality and negligence.
Image: King Abimelech Restores Sarah to Her Husband, Frans Geubels. (Tapestry, c.1560-1570, Dayton Art Institute).