Alexander Archipenko (1887-1964) was a Ukranian Cubist and Constructivist sculptor and painter. Cubism was an artistic movement which broke up forms into their constituent parts and rearranged them. Constructivism was a movement which saw the central purpose of art as furthering socialist revolution instead of aesthetic purposes, with an emphasis on modern industrial materials as media.
Archipenko was educated at the School of Art in Kiev. He began exhibiting in Moscow in 1906, and then moved to Paris in 1908. Archipenko rose to fame with the Cubists in the 1910s and 20s, and exhibited throughout Western Europe. In 1923, he moved permanently to the United States, where he taught at numerous schools and exhibited prolifically.
Woman Combing Her Hair (1915, bronze, everywhere). It was this work which first caught my eye and caused me to investigate the artist. I am impressed with Archipenko's reduction of forms to a handful of essential shapes and lines that nonetheless create a coherent depiction.
(Crayon and gold leaf on paper, San Antonio Art League). Through the shimmering incandescence of crayon and savage black tones, Archipenko created this dark, underworld-like image.